Blog, Culture

Celebrating Diversity: Biodiversity, Culture, and LGBTQ+ Inclusivity in Costa Rica

June is Pride Month, a time to celebrate the LGBTQ+ community and honor the ongoing struggle for equal rights and acceptance worldwide. In Costa Rica, Pride Month holds special significance as we recognize not only the incredible biodiversity and cultural diversity that make our country unique but also our commitment to promoting inclusivity and rights for all, including our LGBTQ+ community.

The Rich Tapestry of Biodiversity: A Focus on Costa Rica’s Trees

Costa Rica is renowned for its unparalleled biodiversity. Among the treasures of our natural world are the many different types of trees that populate our lush landscapes. From the towering giants of the rainforests to the resilient mangroves along the coast, Costa Rica’s forests are a testament to the beauty and complexity of life on Earth. This incredible variety of trees is a source of national pride and a cornerstone of our tourism industry, attracting visitors from around the globe who seek to experience the wonders of our natural world.

Here are some of the remarkable trees found in Costa Rica:

  1. Ceiba Tree (Ceiba pentandra)
    • Known for its immense size and striking buttress roots, the Ceiba tree is a symbol of strength and longevity in Costa Rican folklore.
  2. Guanacaste Tree (Enterolobium cyclocarpum)
    • The national tree of Costa Rica, the Guanacaste tree is celebrated for its wide canopy and distinctive ear-shaped pods.
  3. Cocobolo Tree (Dalbergia retusa)
    • This tree is highly valued for its beautiful, dense wood, which is often used in fine woodworking and furniture making.
  4. Mangrove Trees (Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia germinans)
    • Found in coastal regions, mangrove trees play a crucial role in protecting shorelines and providing habitat for diverse marine life.
  5. Almendro Tree (Dipteryx panamensis)
    • A keystone species in the rainforest, the Almendro tree provides essential habitat and food for wildlife, including the Great Green Macaw.
  6. Balsa Tree (Ochroma pyramidale)
    • Known for its lightweight wood, the Balsa tree is important both ecologically and economically, used in everything from model airplanes to surfboards.

Cultural Diversity: A Mosaic of Traditions

Costa Rica’s cultural landscape is just as diverse as its natural one. Our population is a blend of indigenous peoples, descendants of Spanish colonists, Afro-Caribbean communities, and immigrants from around the world. This rich cultural mosaic is reflected in our music, dance, cuisine, and festivals, each contributing to the vibrant and dynamic identity of Costa Rica. By embracing and celebrating our cultural diversity, we enrich our society and foster a spirit of inclusivity and mutual respect.

LGBTQ+ Inclusivity: A Journey Toward Equality

Costa Rica has made significant strides in recent years to promote inclusivity and protect the rights of the LGBTQ+ community. In 2020, we became the first Central American country to legalize same-sex marriage, a landmark achievement in the fight for equality. This historic decision was celebrated not only by the LGBTQ+ community but by allies and advocates across the nation who believe in the fundamental right of all individuals to love and marry whom they choose.

The journey toward inclusivity has not been without challenges, but the progress we have made is a testament to the resilience and determination of activists, allies, and the LGBTQ+ community. Pride events and parades in cities like San José provide a platform for visibility and celebration, fostering a sense of belonging and solidarity.

Connecting the Dots: Biodiversity, Cultural Diversity, and LGBTQ+ Rights

At Horizontes Nature Tours, we believe that the principles of diversity and inclusivity that guide our commitment to environmental and cultural preservation also extend to our support for LGBTQ+ rights. Just as we strive to protect the rich biodiversity of our natural habitats and celebrate the cultural heritage of our people, we are equally dedicated to promoting a society where every individual, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity, can live with dignity and respect.

During Pride Month, we are reminded that diversity in all its forms—biological, cultural, and human—is a strength to be celebrated. The resilience and beauty found in nature mirror the resilience and beauty of our diverse human communities. As we continue to advocate for environmental conservation and cultural appreciation, we also stand in solidarity with the LGBTQ+ community, championing the values of equality and inclusivity.

Costa Rica: A Beacon of Hope

Costa Rica’s efforts to promote LGBTQ+ rights and inclusivity serve as a beacon of hope and a model for other nations. By fostering an environment where diversity is celebrated and all individuals are valued, we create a more just and compassionate society. Whether through policies that protect LGBTQ+ rights, initiatives that preserve our natural environment, or celebrations of our cultural heritage, Costa Rica is committed to building a brighter future for all.

As we celebrate Pride Month, let us honor the interconnectedness of our world. Just as the health of our ecosystems depends on the diversity of species, the strength of our society relies on the diversity of its people. Together, we can create a world where all forms of diversity are respected and cherished, and where everyone has the freedom to thrive.

Happy Pride Month from all of us at Horizontes Nature Tours!


Camila León
Marketing Assistant
I am a passionate journalist and dedicated English teacher, and my love for writing has been a lifelong fascination. Born and raised in the breathtaking landscapes of Costa Rica, I find myself naturally drawn to the wonders of nature, nurturing a profound love for animals and a fierce commitment to conservation efforts, which inspire my writing.

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